Michael Vanbourgondien has been living at Dominic House, a men's rest home that focuses on heroin addiction, for eight months.
The Evening Sun
The opioid overdose epidemic has been described as "the worst public health crisis in Pennsylvania".
The Pennsylvania Department of Health estimates that from 2018 to 2019 there were approximately 13,500 opioid overdose emergency rooms and approximately 22,000 doses of naloxone administered by EMS across the state.
In 2018 there were 144 opioid-related deaths in York County and 10 deaths from heroin / fentanyl overdose in Adams County.
So far this year there have been 55 opioid / heroin-related deaths in the counties of York and Adams.
Support is important when a person has addiction, regardless of whether they choose treatment or not. Once a family detects a loved one's opioid use, steps must be taken to find treatment while ensuring the safety of people.
First, manage withdrawal from addiction.
"People with an opioid use disorder often need to access withdrawal management first to be medically monitored while detoxifying from the opioids." said York Opioid Collaborative executive director Brittany Shutz.
If a person suffering from addiction stops taking the substance on which they are dependent, withdrawal symptoms occur that can be fatal if not monitored, Shutz said.
Crisis situation numbers include:
Pennsylvania Get help now: 1-800-662-4357 York / Adams County Regional Support Center: 1- 866-769-6822 Crisis Intervention (York Co.): 717-851-5320 Crisis Intervention (Adams Co.): 717-632-4900 Crisis Intervention (Lebanon Co.) : 717-274-3363 Crisis Intervention (Cumberland Co.): 1-866-350-4357 Crisis Intervention (Dauphin Co.): 717-323-7511 Keystone Health (Franklin Co.): 866-918-2555 True North (Fulton Co.): 866-325-0339
Operators at these numbers can help access a situation and suggest the next course of action regardless of whether this involves an immediate hospital or find a method of treatment.
More: How can my loved one best withdraw from opioids?
More: Combating Heroin Addiction: "I've had enough of it from the beginning"
Finding individual treatment for addiction
After medical surveillance through withdrawal, it is important to find the best treatment for each individual.
There are many factors to consider to find the best method, including price, location, and availability. The drug and alcohol commission in each county can help reconcile these factors:
"We have a nationally accredited, evidence-based tool that we use for our (treatment) assessments, and we encourage everyone who thinks this is possible. " to achieve a problem, "said Audrey Gladfelter, Administrator of the York / Adams County Drugs and Alcohol Commission.
A framed photo shows Gina DeMaria, right , with her son Anthony, middle, early 2014. After Anthony died of a heroin overdose, Gina started a nonprofit called Anthony & # 39; s Way to help addicts and their families connect with the right resources. (Photo: Dan Rainville, Die Abendsonne)
Treatment options may include:
Short Term Living Long Term Living Halfway House Outpatient
Intensive Outpatient Clinic (IOP) Partial hospitalization methadone maintenance
Prices for addiction treatment vary, according to Suchtblog.org, an American addiction center. Resource:
Detoxification: $ 350 to $ 3,000 per day. Inpatient: $ 5,000 to $ 90,000 per month: $ 1,500 to $ 12,000 per month
Non-insured or uninsured individuals can call their county drug and alcohol commission for funding information.
Listed: Where residents of Central Pa. Obtaining treatment and support for opioid addiction
Privately insured should call the number on their insurance card to find out if they are insured for drug and alcohol treatment services and which clinics accept their insurance.
Another way to find the appropriate treatment is to contact the Get Help Now hotline (1-800-662-HELP) through the Drugs Department – and alcohol programs are managed. It offers advice on mental health and drug abuse around the clock.
Your first step can also help find treatment centers near a specific area. For facilities specific to Pennsylvania, there is the D & A Facility Locator from the Pennsylvania Department of Health.
More: & # 39; He chose heroin, but he didn't decide to die & # 39;
Aaron Lawrence was only 20 when he died of a heroin overdose in 2010. The police say two others have done little to help him. For the past seven years, his mother, Tracy Lawrence-Felton, has wondered why it took so long to bring charges.
Challenges in Finding Treatment Centers
Rich and Shelia Craumer of Spring Grove founded a support group, Bri & # 39; s Hope, after their 18-year-old daughter Briana Craumer died of one was overdose in 2017.
Rich and Shelia said that it was initially difficult to find a treatment center that would house their teenage daughter because most of the centers they found served adults.
"When we found out Brianna had an addiction problem, wherever we called, nobody could take her with her because she was a minor," said Rich. "Everyone was dealing with adults and nobody wanted to take the youth with them."
Rich and Shelia Craumer hold a portrait of their late daughter Briana inside her home in Spring Grove. Briana fought a heroin addiction that claimed her life in December 2017. Since then, the Craumers have founded Bri’s Hope, a monthly self-help group for addicts. (Photo: Dan Rainville, The Evening Sun)
Another challenge for the Craumans was finding a treatment center for their daughter as soon as she was clean after being detained. Rich said he found that most of the facilities would only accept current addicts.
More: Parents who have lost part of themselves as a result of their daughter's heroin death give Bris hope back
"So I have basically asked her if if I bought heroin and had her shot, would you accept her? & # 39; Absolutely & # 39; "said Rich. "You had to be tall to be included in the program."
It was only when they contacted the Open Arms Recovery Center, an outpatient facility in York and the counties of Adam, that they got the help they needed
Stop naloxone in the event of an overdose ready.
Precautions should be taken in the event of an overdose.
"We encourage your loved ones to have naloxone on hand when the person overdoses," said Nate Wardle, Pennsylvania Department of Health spokesman.
Naloxone is a drug designed to quickly reverse opioid overdose and is available to everyone in pharmacies without a prescription.
More: & # 39; I was so clueless & # 39;: How parents can recognize drug addiction in teenagers
The York / Adams County and Franklin / Fulton County's Drug and Alcohol Commissions provide training to educate people about how to administer naloxone properly. There is also online training from the Department of Health of Pennsylvania (individuals must create an account).
Prevent the spread of diseases
If a person continues to use It is important to prevent the spread of diseases by using dirty needles.
York Harm Reduction offers services in York City to reduce the spread of blood-borne diseases. They offer:
Clean syringes and other consumables that prevent the spread of hepatitis C and HIV fentanyl test strips. Sharp-object containers (e.g. needles) wound care kits are located in the 300 block of South George Street from 8 a.m. to 1 p.m. Monday, Wednesday and Friday. They also do HIV tests from 8 a.m. to 1 p.m. On Thursdays at 320 Loucks Rd. Employees can be reached at 717-468-6846.
There is also a Lancaster Harm Reduction Project (717-669-7527) and a Harrisburg Harm Reduction Project (717-606-4865).
Used needles can be disposed of in Lebanon County The Washington County Health Department, 1302 Pennsylvania Ave., Hagerstown, Maryland, also offers needle disposal.
Support, but not enabling addiction
Many people who are struggling with addiction are not actively looking for recovery. While support is important, it is also important not to enable addiction.
The partnership for drug-free children states that activating includes everything you do to improve behavior when using substances. This can include everything from paying the bills of a loved one who has spent their money on drugs to saving them from prison for drug paraphernalia.
"Families of a loved one in active addiction should inform themselves about addictions, understand their peers and build support, set limits, speak openly with their loved one, make no excuses for their behavior. If necessary, seek treatment for yourself and continue to emphasize the availability of treatment when your loved one is ready, "said Shutz.
Sandy Swenson, a Texas blogger and author, tells the story of her son Joey and his fight against heroin addiction on Tuesday evening, May 10, 2016, during the You Are Not Alone: A discussion for heroin addict nurses on York Street at Hanover Hospital Medical Center in Hanover. (Photo: Shane Dunlap, The Evening Sun)
After years of fighting for support g and enabling her own son Sandy Swenson from Texas is now working to help families balance Swenson does this through her blog, her books and in 2016 Swenson spoke about her experiences at a forum in Hanover.
Swenson said the topic is still very complex.
More : Love and addiction: When addicts suffer, families also suffer
"The layers of problems and dynamics that affect each individual Impacting individuals and every single family are complicated, "said Swenson. "There is often no right answer."
After years of self-education, Swenson said that she had learned to hold her son accountable.
"It took us a long time to do what we were actually taught," she said. "We finally realized that we helped the addict and killed the son we wanted to save."
More : & # 39; We just couldn't get his heart to beat again & # 39 ;: Son loses heroin battle 3,000 miles from home
That's why Swenson created her Mom Power blog to help families on the road to recovery.
Your blog contains a section called Learning, which contains various articles on how to support without empowering an addict.
& # 39; repair the area or this person will fall behind & # 39;
Ultimately, because addiction affects more than just individuals, it is important that relatives search for support groups to connect with others in similar struggles.
The Craumers said they were much better informed of what their daughter was going through when they started going when needed. Another one in York. They no longer felt so alone there.
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“I have the feeling that someone who is going through this or in the middle of it, that his son or daughter is going through it. It's good to be with people who are going through the same thing, as well as ex or recovery from addicts, ”said Rich.
Joanne Clough holds a portrait of her photo-loving daughter Emily Roznowski over her fireplace. Roznowski died on December 3, 2016 of an overdose of fentanyl. (Photo: Danleil Walmer Lebanon Daily News)
Young people and children affected by the opioid epidemic should also seek support as to why Whitney Utz founds the Nic & # 39; s Hope support group . She hopes to get the group up and running by September.
Rich said that it is important for the family to seek help as well, since the problem is greater than just the person who is addicted.
"This is a family addiction," said Rich. "So if you fix the addict and don't fix the environment, that person will fall back immediately."
Rich said that everyone is welcome to join Bri's hope. Since they went through "Maybe, just maybe, I can help them look for something that could save their child or loved one."
Connect with others: Join the Saving York-Adams Facebook group of heroin
Mariana Veloso reports on the heroin / Opioid epidemic in south-central Pennsylvania. Do you have an idea for a story? Email email@example.com and follow her on Twitter @ mariveloso9.
The sad statement about the heroin epidemic is shown in the house in Lebanon in Willow and on 6th Street. The artist Adam DelMarcelle projects his works of art and words onto local buildings.
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